updated on 19/09/202129/12/2020EtymologeoCapital cities 4 Comments on Capital citiesCapital cities in Europe and neighboring countriesTweetarabcapitalcelticcityciudadetymologyeuropaeuropegermaniclatinnameoriginslavictoponym
Erevan has evolved from Urartu Ere-buni. Ers were ancient Nakh people, who lived there before Armenians expanded. Buni etymology is shelter(seems, that includes also human made shelters).
Rīga takes name from and was developed on shore of river Rīdziņa(now gone) and that in turn seems to point to similarly pronounced upper-German word Riesing, that described pond that river flow into. There are plenty of German based placenames in Latvia, that locals do not consider as German.
The etymology about Semigallian name as warehouse is highly dubious, as Semigallians had their own port further up the river in much better place where they traded and place where Riga was established was a swampy land near river, populated by Livonians, who brought their own Finnic names when they settled, even if the area earlier belonged to Semigallians. Also, rija had completelly different functionality compared to a warehouse and was also used to prepare wheat – there is no logic for someone to make such agricultural building so close to a river, in a swampy place that was inhospitable place for agriculture and full with bloodsucking insects.
Vilnius as a wave is ugly translation. Even if direct translation to English of the word Vilnius is wave, this has a completely different meaning in English – proper translation is curves and bends, that river is making – not waves.
Thanks a lot for your feedback. I will change those names and add Erevan.
lundinum is a celtic name
roma, a roman one comming from the name of romulus
and athena is hellennistic and come from the name of the same goddess
Estonian linn < would be better called just “Finnic”: it lacks any Uralic etymology, plus even has some proposed loan etymologies from Germanic. (Remember that “Uralic” is the entire family spanning far into Siberia.)