etymology map of the word soup in different languages

Soups have been part of our diet since the Prehistoric times. However, the word we use nowadays is quite modern. The Latin term suppa, which referred to a slice of bread soaked in broth or a liquid mixture, was borrowed from a Germanic source. Same source as the word “sop”, a piece of bread used to soak up soup or a thick stew, and “supper”, dinner.

A term originally from Latin is minestra and ministornes, the Italian terms along with zuppa. they both come from the verb ministrāre “to serve”.

Only a handful of languages uses their own term, but they are very interesting cases: Slovenes & Croats eat “juha” an ancient word, inherited from Proto-Slavic juxa, but lost in other Slavic languages and replaced by the Germanic term. Exceptionally, in Czech & Slovak cuisine has polévka & polievka, from the verb polévat “to pour”.

In the East, Turkish, Arabs, Kazakhs, and other peoples share a common Persian term: شوربا‎ (šurbâ). Despite the apparent similarities with soup, they are not cognates. In the Balkans, this word is known and used to refer to their traditional soups.

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