Linguistic walls

Etymology map of the word wall and its translations to different languages
One of the most divisive words

The etymology of the word “wall” reveals intriguing linguistic borders. Broadly categorized, these etymological origins fall into three main groups: those derived from Latinmurus” or “vallis,” those stemming from Proto-Slavic “zidъ” or “stěna”, and those originating from Persian “divâr.”

These linguistic divisions delineate Europe into Western and Eastern realms, with Latin-derived terms dominating the West and Slavic roots prevailing in the East. Additionally, a third group encompasses languages outside the Persian and Turkic spheres, primarily found in the northern and western regions of Asia.

Additionally, there’s a catch-all category encompassing individual linguistic roots spread across the continent, represented by notable examples such as Basque, Breton, Greek, and Georgian. Basque and Breton align with the Latin-derived terms group, while Greek and Georgian rely on traditional roots rather than borrowing foreign terms. The second situation happens also with other Caucasian languages like Armenian, Abkhazian, and Lezgian, as well as Baltic languages such as Latvian and Lithuanian.

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